On Friday January 27, 2017, U.S. president Donald Trump signed an executive order banning all citizens of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen from entering the United States.

The 90-day ban took immediate effect and included individuals already in possession of valid visas for the U.S. Initial reports stated that the ban even extended to approximately 500,000 American residents holding green cards, as well as some Canadian citizens and Canadian permanent residents who hold citizenship to any of the named countries.

On January 29, however, Canada’s Minister for Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, Ahmed Hussen, announced that he had received assurances from the White House that Canadian permanent residents with citizenship from any of the seven named countries would be allowed to enter the U.S., provided they carry a valid Canadian permanent resident card or passport.

Although the ban originally seemed iron clad, there were some immediate exceptions—namely anyone with a diplomatic visa, a NATO visa, C-2 visa for travel to the United Nations and anyone holding a G-series visa, which pertains to diplomats and government officials working in the U.S.

Initially, the Trump administration announced that the ban also applied to American residents holding green cards with exceptions made on a case-by-case basis by U.S. government officials and agents, but that was downplayed on Sunday with suggestions that the ban may not apply to green card holders at all.

“Any Canadian permanent resident who is travelling to or via the U.S. on a passport from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia or Yemen should absolutely keep hold of their Canadian permanent resident card.”

While confusion continues to linger in the U.S., the situation is considerably worse overseas, where international airline staff have complained of not having received any specific instructions from the U.S. government at all. Consequently, even if the ruling doesn’t apply to green card holders, until the situation is properly clarified and concrete instructions are issued by the Trump administration, individuals who are currently travelling overseas face the possibility of being denied boarding by airline staff long before they reach a U.S. immigration official.

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Most governments hold airlines responsible for checking the documentation of passengers before boarding and impose heavy fines on the carriers when people arrive in countries without the correct documentation.

No sooner was the executive order signed than legal challenges were being mounted against it. Late on Saturday evening, federal judge Ann Donnelly of the Eastern District of New York granted stays to immigrants who had flown into U.S. airports in the hours immediately after the new order and were being held pending deportation back to their country of origin. Although likely addressing only a small number of individual cases, the decision is regarded by many as the first of many legal hurdles that Trump’s order will have to overcome.

In addition to the targeted ban against the seven specifically named nations, the executive order also suspends the processing and admission of all refugees from anywhere in the world for the next 120 days.

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At the end of the 90- and 120-day periods, a decision will be made whether to extend the bans, expand them or remove them entirely. Given the general turmoil since the executive order was first issued, individual problems may well arise especially, in the coming days and particularly at overseas airports.

As long as the travel ban remains, it is imperative that any Canadian permanent resident who is travelling to or via the U.S. on a passport from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia or Yemen absolutely keep hold of their Canadian permanent resident card. Failure to carry a Canadian passport or Canadian permanent resident card will almost certainly result in their being denied entry to the U.S.

If they do not have their Canadian document with them, it would be prudent to immediately make alternative travel arrangements to avoid entry to or connection in the U.S.

Some Canadian airlines, including WestJet, have stated that they will offer full refunds to anyone affected by Friday’s executive order, while travellers with other airlines should consult their travel-insurance provider for assistance.

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